The provisional or temporary cast on is used when you will knit from the foundation row, in the opposite direction, at a later stage of construction. It may be used in a toe-up sock, when adding ribbing to the lower edge of a garment or when you will be picking up stitches from the foundation row to work later. One of the dresses I recently knitted has cross-wise bands of cables; using a provisional cast on helps avoid bulk where the two end seams are joined in the round. The provisional cast on results in a smooth transition between sets of stitches. Read more .... for fully illustrated article and instructional videos.
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Duplicate stitch is a type of embroidery on knitting which mimics the stocking stitch and provides a method of introducing color to a completed knitting project. The small swatch (not blocked) shows duplicate stitches in white and green added to a two-color sample to create an argyle pattern. This is the fourth in a series of articles on introducing color to knitting. For instructions on creating the duplicate stitch read more....
Previously, directions were given for the long tail cast-on method and starting the sock with 4 dpns. This article describes starting the round using 2 circular needles instead of 4 dpns. The first 5 cast-on steps are similar when using either dpns or circular needles for the sock construction, so they are not repeated here. Refer to the Basic Long-Tail Cast-on article for these specifics.
The turning heel consists of short rows to shape the curve around the heel. The stitches in the middle are knitted, with paired decreases fanning out from the center, as the outer stitches are brought into the pattern. The travelling, paired decreases form a triangle which fits around your heel and the outer stitches form the curve. This section knits up very quickly.
The term short row, is a row in which you do not knit completely across. For the heel, it is bordered with slip stitches on either end, whose function is to visually blend stitches to form a smooth transition with the regular stitches on the ends of the row.