Earlier this week I was grafting another cabled headband which had both purl and knit stitches, which meant I was grafting "in pattern." For the cabled headband, my preferred method of joining it in the round is with the Kitchener (also called grafting or weaving) stitch, because it creates an invisible join and does not add bulk. When grafting knitted pieces that are "in pattern," a combination of the two basic grafting stitches is used and it is helpful to have a mnemonic to remember which grafting stitch to use and thus reduce confusion. Read more .... for memory aid.
If you are grafting stocking stitch or reverse stocking stitch pieces where both sides are viewed (such as a towel or scarf), then use the technique for grafting stocking stitch pieces described in earlier articles. If you are grafting two pieces of reverse stockinette (where the stocking stitch side will not be viewed) or are grafting two garter stitch pieces together, then use the method for grafting two garter stitch pieces together. When the pieces have a mix of purl and knit stitches the "in pattern" grafting method is used.
Although I discussed how to graft in earlier articles: Basic Top Down Sock - Kitchener Stitch (Grafting Toes) , Grafting (Joining) Two Stocking Stitch Pieces Together, Grafting (Joining) Two Garter Stitch Pieces Together, and Grafting "In Pattern", I found it helpful to create a quick mnemonic to refresh my memory, since I don't graft stitches on a daily basis. Refer to the earlier articles for full stepwise, illustrated instructions. Refer to the mnemonic below for help remembering darning needle direction for the purl stitch or stocking stitch when grafting "in pattern" across a fabric.
GRAFTING "IN PATTERN"
Grafting "in pattern" combines the techniques of grafting stocking stitches and grafting garter stitches. Each stitch is evaluated independently. If it is a knit stitch, then for this stitch the grafting instructions for stocking stitch fabric are used (i.e. the yarn is inserted through the loop on the initial and final passes as if you were grafting two stocking stitch pieces). If it is a purl or garter stitch, then the instructions for garter stitch grafting are used.
Once the first stitch of each piece has been anchored as described in the earlier articles (links below) the following mnemonics help me remember how the needle passes through a stitch, when pieces are laying flat.
Stocking Stitch Grafting UP / DOWN
Garter Stitch Grafting DOWN / UP
Grafting Instructions Links
Basic Sock - Kitchener Stitch (Grafting Toes) (Top Down Sock)
Basic Toe Up Sock - Kitchener Stitch Toe
Grafting (Joining) Two Garter Stitch Pieces Together (purl & garter sts)
Grafting (Joining) Two Stocking Stitch Pieces Together (knit sts and reverse stockinette pieces)
Grafting "In Pattern" (combinations of knit and purl sts).